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Chichén Itzá

Pyramid at Chichén Itzá, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

One of the New 7 Wonders of the World

Chichén Itzá

Mexico

El Castillo (Spanish pronunciation: [el kas’tiʎo]), Spanish for “the castle”), also known as the Temple of Kukulcan, is a Mesoamerican step-pyramid that dominates the center of the Chichen Itza archaeological site in the Mexican state of Yucatán. The building is more formally designated by archaeologists as Chichen Itza Structure 5B18.

Built by the pre-Columbian Maya civilization sometime between the 9th and 12th centuries CE, El Castillo served as a temple to the god Kukulkan, the Yucatec Maya Feathered Serpent deity closely related to the god Quetzalcoatl known to the Aztecs and other central Mexican cultures of the Postclassic period.

The pyramid consists of a series of square terraces with stairways up each of the four sides to the temple on top. Sculptures of plumed serpents run down the sides of the northern balustrade. During the spring and autumn equinoxes, the late afternoon sun strikes off the northwest corner of the pyramid and casts a series of triangular shadows against the northwest balustrade, creating the illusion of a feathered serpent “crawling” down the pyramid. The event has been very popular, but it is questionable whether it is a result of a purposeful design. Each of the pyramid’s four sides has 91 steps which, when added together and including the temple platform on top as the final “step”, produces a total of 365 steps (which is equal to the number of days of the Haab’ year).

The structure is 24 m (79 ft) high, plus an additional 6 m (20 ft) for the temple. The square base measures 55.3 m (181 ft) across.

Mexico

Interesting Facts

Chichén Itzá


Location

Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

Height

30 metres

Instance of

pyramid

The Official

New 7 Wonders of the World

Cristo Redentor

statue of Jesus in Río de Janeiro, Brazil

Colosseum

elliptical amphitheatre in Rome

Petra

Arabian historical and archaeological city, Jordan

Taj Mahal

A white marble mausoleum in Agra, India

Machu Picchu

15th-century Inca site in Peru

Great Wall of China

series of fortifications built along the historical border of China

Worldmap

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