Machu_Picchu

Machu Picchu

15th-century Inca site in Peru

One of the New 7 Wonders of the World

Machu Picchu

Cusco Region, Peru

Machu Picchu (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmatʃu ˈpiktʃu]) or Machu Pikchu ([ˈmɑtʃu ˈpixtʃu]), is a 15th-century Inca citadel situated on a mountain ridge 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level. It is located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District in Peru, above the Sacred Valley, which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows.

Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often mistakenly referred to as the “Lost City of the Incas” (a title more accurately applied to Vilcabamba), it is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization. The Incas built the estate around 1450 but abandoned it a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Although known locally, it was not known to the Spanish during the colonial period and remained unknown to the outside world until American historian Hiram Bingham brought it to international attention in 1911.

Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its three primary structures are the Inti Watana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows. Most of the outlying buildings have been reconstructed in order to give tourists a better idea of how they originally appeared. By 1976, thirty percent of Machu Picchu had been restored and restoration continues.

Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll.

Peru

Interesting Facts

Machu Picchu


Dissolved or abolished

1572

Culture

Inca

Instance of

ancient city & archaeological site

The Official

New 7 Wonders of the World

Great Wall of China

series of fortifications built along the historical border of China

Colosseum

elliptical amphitheatre in Rome, Italy

Petra

Arabian historical and archaeological city, Jordan

Chichén Itzá

Pyramid at Chichén Itzá, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

Taj Mahal

A white marble mausoleum in Agra, India

Christ the Redeemer

statue of Jesus in Río de Janeiro, Brazil

Worldmap

The 21 Finalists

Latest News

New7Wonders continues, find out how in our News Room

Bernard Weber: "Have a Wonderful New Year!"

ZURICH, SwitzerlandDear Wonderful FriendsPlease accept my warmest wishes at the start of the New Year. In 2017, let us all adopt the New7Wonders positive vision of life, and inspired by this, we can work together to build a more harmonious and just world.Undoubtedly, the highlight of our past 12…

New7Wonders preliminary report on Chichén Itzá

ZURICH: New7Wonders has completed the first part of the Official New7Wonders VII process for Chichén Itzá, one of the New7Wonders of the World. A preliminary report has been sent to the relevant authorities and civil organisations, for them to consider and respond to.The New7Wonders VII is the ongoing audit…

New7Wonders visit to Chichén Itzá for Verification

ZURICH: New7Wonders has completed its visit to Chichén Itzá, one of the New 7 Wonders of the World, as part of the Official New7Wonders VII process.The N7W VII is the ongoing audit programme conducted by New7Wonders as the world authority for the voted Wonders, to ensure they are able…

Zaha Hadid: A tribute

ZURICH: The Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid, who died yesterday in Miami aged 65, was a distinguished member of the New7Wonders Panel of Experts on two occasions: The New7Wonders of the World and the New7Wonders Cities campaigns. Bernard Weber, the Founder-President of New7Wonders, remembers a remarkable woman, an inspirational designer and…

77 Milestones for New7Wonders

Heard about the "Sydney Splash"? It took place in September 2000 when Bernard Weber, Founder-President of New7Wonders, landed a seaplane in Sydney Harbour to highlight the official nomination of Sydney Opera House as a candidate in the New7Wonders of the World campaign. The dramatic touchdown took place one week before…

Wonderful Content loading...