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Kremlin and Red Square

fortified complex in Moscow, Russia

One of the 21 Finalists

Kremlin and Red Square

Moscow, Russia

The Moscow Kremlin (Russian: Моско́вский Кремль, tr. Moskovskiy Kreml; IPA: [mɐˈskofskʲɪj krʲɛmlʲ]), usually referred to as the Kremlin, is a fortified complex at the heart of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River to the south, Saint Basil’s Cathedral and Red Square to the east, and the Alexander Garden to the west. It is the best known of the kremlins (Russian citadels) and includes five palaces, four cathedrals, and the enclosing Kremlin Wall with Kremlin towers. The complex serves as the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation.

The name Kremlin means “fortress inside a city”,[1] and is often also used as a metonym to refer to the government of the Russian Federation in a similar sense to how the White House is used to refer to the Executive Office of the President of the United States. It had previously been used to refer to the government of the Soviet Union (1922–1991) and its highest members (such as general secretaries, premiers, presidents, ministers, and commissars). “Kremlinology” refers to the study of Soviet and Russian politics.

The Official

New 7 Wonders of the World

Petra

Arabian historical and archaeological city, Jordan

Cristo Redentor

statue of Jesus in Río de Janeiro, Brazil

Colosseum

elliptical amphitheatre in Rome

Machu Picchu

15th-century Inca site in Peru

Great Wall of China

series of fortifications built along the historical border of China

Chichén Itzá

Pyramid at Chichén Itzá, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

Taj Mahal

A white marble mausoleum in Agra, India

Worldmap

The 21 Finalists

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